How to Dockerize and Deploy a Next.js Application on Koyeb

April 08, 2021

Édouard Bonlieu

Édouard Bonlieu
@edouardb_

Introduction

Next.js is a popular React framework offering a wide range of features such as hybrid and server rendering, file-system routing, route pre-fetching, smart bundling, and more with near-zero configuration.

In this guide, we will showcase how to Dockerize a Next.js application and deploy it to Koyeb.

Requirements

To successfully follow and complete this tutorial, you need:

Steps

To dockerize and deploy a Next.js application on Koyeb, you need to follow these steps:

  1. Create a Hello World Next.js app or use an existing one
  2. Write the Dockerfile and build the Docker image
  3. Push the Docker image to the GitHub container registry
  4. Deploy the dockerized Next.js app on Koyeb

Create a Hello World Next.js app or use an existing one

If you already have an existing Next.js application you want to dockerize, you can jump to the next step.

Let's get started by creating a new Next.js application. In your terminal run the following command:

yarn create next-app

This command initializes all the files and configurations required to run a new Next.js application. During the installation process, you are asked to give your project a name. This name is used to create the folder your project will be located and to seed the package.json name key.

Once the initialization complete, you can launch the Next.js application by running yarn dev on your project folder and opening your browser to http://localhost:3000.

You should land on the Welcome to Next.js page.

Write the Dockerfile and build the Docker image

To Dockerize a Next.js app, you need to create a Dockerfile in your project folder containing the content below. In this guide, we use Docker multi-stage build to keep the image layers size as small as possible and to ensure our image contains only what is needed to run.

The Dockerfile is composed of three different stages:

  • The first one is used to install dependencies
  • The second is used to build the Next.js app
  • The last one is used to configure the runtime environment of the Next.js app

In this guide, we use the Node.js LTS version as the base image, if you need to use a specific version of Node, you can refer to the available tags on the Docker Hub.

FROM node:lts as dependencies WORKDIR /my-project COPY package.json yarn.lock ./ RUN yarn install --frozen-lockfile FROM node:lts as builder WORKDIR /my-project COPY . . COPY --from=dependencies /my-project/node_modules ./node_modules RUN yarn build FROM node:lts as runner WORKDIR /my-project ENV NODE_ENV production # If you are using a custom next.config.js file, uncomment this line. # COPY --from=builder /my-project/next.config.js ./ COPY --from=builder /my-project/public ./public COPY --from=builder /my-project/.next ./.next COPY --from=builder /my-project/node_modules ./node_modules COPY --from=builder /my-project/package.json ./package.json EXPOSE 3000 CMD ["yarn", "start"]

To build the Docker image execute the following command:

docker build . -t ghcr.io/<YOUR_GITHUB_USERNAME>/my-project

This command will build the Docker image with the name ghcr.io/<YOUR_GITHUB_USERNAME>/my-project. Once the build is over, you can run a container using the image locally to validate everything is working as expected running:

docker run -p 3000:3000 ghcr.io/<YOUR_GITHUB_USERNAME>/my-project

Open your browser and navigate to http://localhost:3000 to view your project landing page.

Push the Docker image to the GitHub container registry

Since our Docker image is built and functional in our test, we can now upload it to the GitHub container registry. In your terminal run the command below to push the image.

docker push ghcr.io/<YOUR_GITHUB_USERNAME>/my-project

Within a few minutes, you will see your Docker image available on the GitHub container registry: https://github.com/<YOUR_GITHUB_USERNAME>?tab=packages.

Deploy the dockerized Next.js app on Koyeb

It's now time to deploy our freshly dockerized Next.js application on Koyeb. On the Koyeb Control Panel, click the Create App button.

In the form, fill the Docker image field with the name of the image we previously created which should look like ghcr.io/<YOUR_GITHUB_USERNAME>/my-project.

Check the box Use a private registry and, in the select field, click Create Registry Secret.

A modal opens asking for:

  • a name for the Secret which will be created, we can use for instance gh-registry-secret
  • the registry provider to generate the secret containing your private registry credentials, in our case GitHub
  • your GitHub username and password Once you've filled all the fields, click the Create button.

In the Ports section, change the export port from 80 to 3000, which is the port our Next.js app is listening on. This setting is required to let Koyeb know which port your application is listening to and properly route incoming HTTP requests. We don't need to change the Path, our app will be available at the root of our domain: /.

Give your App a name, i.e my-next-js-project, and click Create App

You can add more regions to deploy your applications, set environment variables, and define the horizontal scaling according to your needs.

You will automatically be redirected to the Koyeb App page where you can follow the progress of your Next.js application deployment. In a few seconds, once your app is deployed, click on the Public URL ending with koyeb.app.

Et voilà, your Next.js project is running on Koyeb!

Your Next.js app is now secured with native TLS encryption and benefits from all the Koyeb Serverless features including autoscaling, auto-healing, and a High-Performance Edge Network.

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